American Cat Fanciers Association
Bengal Breed Synopsis
Bengal Breed Standard
to the Bengal cat spot! American Cat Fanciers' Association set up this
site to give a glimpse into the Bengal cat breed. Take a moment to
discover some of the characteristics of the Bengal cat, the unique
ancestry of the breed, the popularity, and the overall question,
"What is it like to live with a Bengal cat?"
The Bengal cat is unique in the cat fancy, it is the first documented
cross between a nondomestic cat, the Asian leopard cat (Felis
bengalensis), and the domestic cat (Felis catus). The first
three-generations of this cross are foundation cats to the Bengal cat;
technically foundation cats are not Bengal cats themselves.
The original idea
was to create a cat that resembled a leopard with the temperament of a
domestic cat. Genetically this cat is as a brown spotted tabby. This
idea quickly expanded with the addition of the marble pattern and the
albino series of colors: seal lynx, seal mink and seal sepia.
The brown spotted tabby is found in shades of brown in the background,
from a gray-tawny tone to a vivid orange-gold. The spotting is to be
distinct and clear (color range from brown to black) and is to be
aligned horizontally or diagonally not vertically. The tail tip and the
paw pads are black.
The brown marble tabby brings a new term to the cat fancy with the
introduction of the marble. Marble describes the influence of the
classic tabby gene (the bull's eye effect) and the horizontal pull of
the nondomestic gene. The result is a marbling of the colors. There
should be three or more colors involved in the marble pattern and some
basic falling out of the centers. Again the flow should be horizontal
with no bull's eye effect.
The albino series of colors gives a whitish to cream coloring of the
background and contrasting spots or marbling. The spots can be gray or
seal brown in tone and the background white to tarnished gold. The genes
at work are from the domestic genes of the seal lynx (blue eyes) and the
seal sepia (green to gold). These genes in combination give the coloring
of the seal mink (aqua to green).
The conformation of the Bengal cat is to resemble the nondomestic
ancestor. The Bengal cat weighs between 6-14 pounds, has a longer body
than high, hindquarters higher than the shoulders, a modified wedge
shaped head with "cotton ball" whisker pads, high contrast
between pattern and background coloring, and a confident, interactive
Bengal cat breeders focus on temperament inheritance. The Asian leopard
cat has survived by avoiding humans. So combining that genetic shyness
with a friendly domestic personality allows for gene selection toward
cats that seek and want human contact. The genetic component of this is
evident; combining selection with proper socialization creates excellent
Shorthair breeds tend to be more active than longhair, so owners should
utilize vertical space as well as floor space for movement and
entertainment. As a shorthair breed, Bengal cat owners enjoy their low
maintenance coats and often find the hair to be less shedding, less
allergy causing and glittery to the eye. Some Bengal cats enjoy the
glitter gene that gives a metallic shine unique to the Bengal cat.
Bengal cats tend to follow their owners around (people are where the
action is), get involved in what ever activity their humans are doing,
play in water, play fetch, walk on leashes, sleep with owners, play with
and thoroughly entertain their human companions. They are excellent with
other breeds of cats, dogs, and other four and two legged inhabitants!
When selecting your Bengal cat be sure to ask the breeder if they breed
for temperament and if they guarantee their kittens. As with any breed
selection, one should ask for written contracts and ask questions of the
breeder choosing from a one that makes you feel comfortable and
informed. You are bringing a companion into your home, and much care and
attention should be taken when doing so.
4670 Goldenrod Lane N
Plymouth, MN 554